BLUEBERRY CULTURE IN BELARUS

M. Paulouski
There are three agroclimatic areas in the Republic of Belarus: northern, central and southern. Soddy-podzolic and soddy-podzolic swampy soils occupy 68% of the Republic territory and more than 90% of arable land. Turf-marsh and peat-swamp soils occupy 25% of the territory. For Belarusian Polesie (the southern agroclimatic area) the spreading of light on granulometric composition (sandy and sandy-loam) soils is typical. The comparative analysis of agroclimatic resources of Belarus and ecological requirements of highbush blueberry, and the fact that in natural condition of the Republic grow bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), bog blueberry (V. uliginosum), lingonberry (V. vitis-idaea) and small cranberry (Oxycoccus palustris) allowed to assume that there are sufficiently favorable agroclimatic conditions in Belarus for cultivation of a new crop – highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum).
The first experimental planting of highbush blueberry was created in Belarus in 1980 at the Gantsevichi scientific-experimental station of the Central Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, locating at the border of the southern and central agroclimatic areas. The results of scientific researchеs and long-term practical experience of V. corymbosum cultivation with various ripening periods proved that Belarus has favorable agroclimatic conditions for cultivation of highbush blueberry on commercial basis. The climatic conditions of the southern agroclimatic area allow cultivating a full spectrum of cultivars in terms of their ripening, including late-ripening ones. Under the conditions of the central agroclimatic area in some years because of weather and climatic conditions berries of late-ripening cultivars do not have time to ripen fully. For cultivation in the northern agroclimatic area of Belarus early- and mid-ripening cultivars of highbush blueberry are suitable, as well as cultivars of half-high blueberry. Plantations of these cultures in Belarus amount 350 ha.
Paulouski, M. 2014. BLUEBERRY CULTURE IN BELARUS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1017:159-162
http://www.actahort.org/books/1017/1017_17.htm
Belarus, Vaccinium corymbosum, highbush blueberry, agroclimatic areas
English

Acta Horticulturae