The influence of nitrogen fertilization on growth, yield, nitrate and oxalic acid concentration in purslane (Portulaca oleracea)
Purslane (Portulaca oleracea) is widely used for culinary purposes throughout Mediterranean region, and the interest in this plant increased due to it being a source of bio-protective compounds, such as fatty acids and antioxidants. However, the use of purslane could be limited by accumulation of high levels of compounds harmful to human health, such as nitrate and oxalic acid. The main objective of present study was to evaluate the influence of nitrogen fertilization on growth and yield parameters and on nitrate and oxalic acid concentrations in leaves and stems. Plants of golden-leafed purslane of sativa subspecies were grown in styro-foam boxes with substrate and fertilized two times per week during four weeks with ammonium-nitrate solution (16.9% NO3--N and 17.6% NH4+-N), for testing of four nitrogen levels (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg N ha-1). Plant growth, yield, nitrate and oxalic acid concentrations were significantly affected by nitrogen application. The best quantity/quality ratio was achieved at fertilization level of 60 kg N ha-1, which gave a yield of 5.1 kg m-2 FW, while nitrate concentration was 48.98 and 43.90 mg g-1 DW in leaf and stem, respectively, and oxalic acid concentration was 1.27 and 0.55 mg g-1 DW, in leaf and stem, respectively: values which are not harmful for consumer health.
Santos, R.V., Machado, R.M.A., Alves-Pereira, I. and Ferreira, R.M.A. 2016. The influence of nitrogen fertilization on growth, yield, nitrate and oxalic acid concentration in purslane (Portulaca oleracea). Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1142:299-304
Portulaca oleracea subsp. sativa, golden-leafed purslane, ammonium-nitrate fertilizer, nitrate concentration, oxalic acid concentration