Steering stomatal dynamics by chemicals during acclimatization of Spathiphyllum
The acclimatization of micropropagated plants is one of the crucial phases for achieving a successful tissue culture protocol. Tissue cultured plants have no functional stomata, a reduced root system and an underdeveloped cuticula. By steering the stomatal dynamics or minimizing the respiration, acclimatization might be optimized. In this research, we try to regulate stomatal behavior and respiration during the acclimatization phase by chemical triggers as plant growth regulators and antitranspirants. Therefore, Spathiphyllum plantlets were drenched in different plant growth regulators before being transferred to the greenhouse. Afterwards, stomatal conductance and water retention were measured during the acclimatization. The water retention measurements demonstrated that the crucial phase during acclimatization takes place between day four and day seven. Promising effects of abscisic acid, antitranspirants and paclobutrazol on acclimatization of the tissue cultured plantlets were observed.
Dhooghe, E., Dierck, R. and Van Huylenbroeck, J. 2017. Steering stomatal dynamics by chemicals during acclimatization of Spathiphyllum. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1155:491-496
antitranspirants, plant growth regulators, porometry, respiration, stomatal resistance