Indigenous people's ornamentals for future gardens
All ornamental plants were originated from wild resources. Most of them were selected and acclimatized by our ancestors who grew or transplanted wild good characteristic plants in their home gardens or near their dwelling places. The indigenous people around the world are still practicing introduction and domestication of wild plants including ornamentals. This paper deals with the ornamentals which are not common in horticulture or gardens but have been managed traditionally by the indigenous people in tropical and subtropical regions for generations. The methods of ethnobotany, botany, literature studies and horticulture were used in the surveys and analysis. Some sites had been investigated in southern China and mainland Southeast Asian countries. Indigenous peoples including Ahka, Bai, Chin, Dai, Hani, Hmong, Jinuo, Kachin, Karen, Lahu, Li, Lisu, Miao, Shan, Wa, Yi, and Zhuang were interviewed during the investigations. The results showed that there were rich species diversity of ornamentals maintained in the living environments of local communities. Many species are with great potentials to be developed as ornamentals. Orchidaceae, Zingiberaceae and Araceae are the most dominant families contributed to the floristic components of indigenous peopleRSQUOs ornamentals in the tropics. Traditional ornamental species with cultural and religious values had been preserved in traditional societies. Based on our investigations and analysis, we proposed Camellia spp., Dendrobium spp., Rhododendron spp., Musella lasiocarpa, and Leucocasia gigantea to be the most potential candidates for gardens uses in the future. The origin of ornamentals, indigenous property right and sustainable uses of local ornamental genetic resources were also discussed.
Long, C., Long, B., Bai, Y., Lei, Q., Li, J. and Liu, B. 2017. Indigenous people's ornamentals for future gardens. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1167:17-22
indigenous people's ornamentals, ethnobotany, homegarden, development potentials, biodiversity, cultural value