New Japanese plum (Prunus salicina L.) breeding program in Murcia (Spain)
Spain is one of the main plum producing countries worldwide. Particularly noteworthy is the good adaptation of the Japanese plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.) cultivars to our climatic conditions and thus the possibility to grow early ripening cultivars that can be harvested in May and June. However, plum cultivation in Spain has a number of problems that need to be addressed urgently. A Japanese plum breeding programme was started in 2011 in Murcia (Spain) jointly by CEBAS-CSIC and IMIDA. Early ripening (May-June), high fruit quality, self-compatibility and resistance to sharka virus (PPV) are the main objectives for the new cultivars. A collection of interesting commercial cultivars of Japanese plum has been established and they are being evaluated for key characters such as chilling requirements, identification of self(in)compatibility genotypes (S-alleles), fruit quality traits as well as the level of resistance/susceptibility to sharka virus. By 2015, around 3,000 seedlings from more than thirty different crosses had been generated and planted in the experimental orchard. The first phenotyping has been carried out in 2015.
Ruiz, D., Egea, J., Guevara-Gazquez, A., García, F., Carrillo-Navarro, A. and Cos-Terrer, J. 2017. New Japanese plum (Prunus salicina L.) breeding program in Murcia (Spain). Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1172:123-1234
early ripening, fruit quality, Sharka resistance, self-(in)compatibility