SSR marker analysis of cultivated and wild sweet cherry genotypes from the Carpathian Basin

Zs. Békefi, M. Papp, G. Simon, B. Timon
In this work wild and cultivated sweet cherry individuals from various areas of the Carpathian basin were investigated with SSRs in order to study sweet cherry domestication in the region. Special interest was paid to the cultivar 'Rita', as it possesses a cherry S-allele (S22) that has been described mainly in landraces and wild cherry accessions. For our analysis selected SSR markers recommended by IPGRI were used, and a dendrogram from the similary data was constructed. According to the SSR results, all sweet cherry genotypes could be distinguished. Altogether 52 alleles were detected, ranging from 4 to 10 alleles per locus. The average number of alleles per locus was 6.5. According to the dendrogram, 'Rita' did not show close similarity to wild cherries, but to the individual 'Mezei 1'. Closer genetic similarity was observed between 'Germersdorfi 3' and 'Budakalászi', 'Szomolyai fekete' and 'Felsőgeszeg', LSQUOBK-1RSQUO and 'BK-2'.
Békefi, Zs., Papp, M., Simon, G. and Timon, B. 2017. SSR marker analysis of cultivated and wild sweet cherry genotypes from the Carpathian Basin. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1172:145-150
http://www.actahort.org/books/1172/1172_28.htm
sweet cherry, wild cherry, genetic relationship, SSR analysis
English
1172_28
145-150

Acta Horticulturae