Genetic determinism of graft compatibility in apricot
Breeding of most fruit tree species is an expensive and time-consuming process due to the long juvenile period, the long generation time and the large plant size. The rapid increase of new cultivars and rootstocks along with the slow and expensive processes of selection make necessary the search for new methods for early selection of the plant material. In this sense, early detection of graft compatibility substantially aids cultivar and rootstock breeding selection. The inheritance of graft (in)-compatibility trait was studied in a population of 80 apricot seedlings obtained from a controlled intraspecific cross between the Spanish cultivar 'Moniqui' (female parent, graft incompatible) and the French cultivar 'Paviot' (male parent, graft compatible). Screening of graft compatibility on the progeny grafted onto the plum rootstock LSQUOMarianna 2624RSQUO was based on anatomical symptoms. Bud take, growth, necrotic line and vascular discontinuity were observed during one year after grafting. The results showed that graft compatibility is a complex trait. The phenotypic parameters observed in the F1 individuals revealed that the necrotic line and, discontinuities in the bark and wood, are highly correlated and play an important role in the development of the graft union and the establishment of vascular connections. Knowledge of compatibility inheritance will help cultivar and rootstock breeding and will contribute to understand the genetic mechanism of graft compatibility.
Irisarri, P., Errea, P., Pina, A. and Zhebentyayeva, T. 2017. Genetic determinism of graft compatibility in apricot. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1172:345-348
inheritance, Prunus armeniaca L., rootstock breeding, rootstock-scion interaction