Strawberry environmental cycle profiling: a trait to rate genotypic adaptability
The yield of crops with an extended harvest season, such as strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.), is not only a function of the genotype but mainly also of the annual climatic environment and the genotype x environment interaction. This entails plant substantial yield fluctuations, and, therefore, considerable seasonal scheduling modifications of the cultivar fruit amount. Discovering the genetic traits, which underlie specific environmental plant adaptability, requires to identify or develop growing indexes, to use and measure them on reference accessions and to evaluate their time stability. In three different productive cycles, in the same environment, with the same plant type grown in the same nursery, different June-bearing and ever-bearing genotypes were tested during the whole cropping season using a climatic monitoring, and measuring quantitative and qualitative yield parameters. Earliness Ripening Index (ERI) and Growing Degree Hours (GDH) thermal summation were parameters identified and used to profile the growing cycle in order to describe the harvest time and harvest patterns. The diversity of data recorded for the different accessions, associated with the diversity of the relative values during the cycles, allows to hypothesize a strong genetic influence on the ability to environmentally adapt. This impacts in terms of quantity and quality the strawberry production. This analyses and profiling allow to identify the best genotypes toward the optimization of the strawberry production in a specific location and its climatic environment.
Martinatti, P., Zucchi, P., Loretti, P., Ajelli, M. and Giongo, L. 2017. Strawberry environmental cycle profiling: a trait to rate genotypic adaptability. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1172:363-366
earliness ripening index, growing degree hours, June-bearing, ever-bearing, Fragaria × ananassa Duch