Traditional and heritage cultivars of fig trees at the experimental farm of Son Mut Nou
In the experimental farm of Son Mut Nou in Llucmajor, Majorca, Balearic Islands (Spain), the main aim is to collect and keep together a wide collection of traditional fig tree cultivars, in order to make an easy and rigorous prospection, characterization and research of those cultivars. In Son Mut Nou, the majority of the most important fig tree cultivars from all the collections in the world have been planted. Son Mut Nou collections are arranged in 7 fields, with 2134 fig trees belonging to 1090 different cultivars. A them, 249 are traditional from Balearic Islands, 208 from Spain, 373 from Europe, 100 from America, 69 from Asia, 34 from Africa, 11 from Oceania, 15 caprifig trees, 15 particular fig trees, and 16 remarkable trees. A research on morphologic characterization and main agronomical features of these cultivars has been carried out, especially for those that have been classified as at genetic erosion risk cultivars. The molecular characterization of all accessions was performed by using microsatellite markers to analyze their genetic diversity. In Son Mut Nou are kept and are grown the fig trees of the collection of traditional cultivars. That is all done in optimal conditions, in order to make the characterization and research in a properly and clear way, detecting homonyms, synonyms and mistakes.
Pons Boscana , M. 2017. Traditional and heritage cultivars of fig trees at the experimental farm of Son Mut Nou. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1173:111-116
test field, Balearic Islands, Ficus carica L., conservation, genetic plant resources