In vitro production of fig (Ficus carica L.) plantlets

M. Moniruzzaman, Z. Yaakob, R.A. Taha
The fig (Ficus carica) was domesticated during the early period of human civilization. It originated from Asia Minor and spread throughout Mediterranean area of the world. The fig is economically important because of its high nutrition and medicinal properties (anticancer, anti- diabetic, anti-inflammatory etc). In vitro micro-propagation provides disease free, genetically uniform plantlets in a short time. A proper tissue culture protocol is a prerequisite for genetic improvement of the fig through genetic engineering and biotechnology. We investigated surface sterilization and in vitro shoot proliferation of the fig cultivar 'Masui Dauphine'. The best sterilization condition for shoot tips where the survival rate was 60.0±5.7b percent. For shoot proliferation and elongation, the MS media supplemented with 0.5 mg L-1 BAP and 0.2 mg L-1 NAA was the best among the studied combination. The average shoot number, average shoot length and average leaves number was 2.45±1.34, 2.23±0.38 and 6.23±0.86 respectively.
Moniruzzaman, M., Yaakob, Z. and Taha, R.A. 2017. In vitro production of fig (Ficus carica L.) plantlets. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1173:231-236
surface sterilization, Ficus carica, biotechnology, micro-propagation

Acta Horticulturae