Impact of yearly conditions on major physical and chemical properties of fresh, semi-dried and sun-dried fig (Ficus carica L. 'Sarılop') fruit
The study was carried out on fresh, semi-dried (shriveled) and fully sun-dried fig (Ficus carica L. 'Sarılop') fruit from the same orchard during four consequent crop years in order to assess the effect of yearly conditions on physical and compositional properties. The samples were collected at fresh, semi-dried and dried fig stages. The mean moisture content and water activity levels were similar in all four years . The total soluble solids contents were the highest in 2012. The effect on titratable acidity and fruit firmness were limited. The colour values L* and b* remained almost constant however a* value of fresh fruit attained a higher value in 2012. The fruit samples contained mainly fructose and glucose however low concentrations of sucrose were determined in some dried fruit samples. The major impact of yearly conditions was found on the ratio of defected fruit (sunscald, crack and brown-neck). Yearly differences were significant also in terms of fruit weight, total soluble solids, and sugar composition of fig fruit.
Şen, F., Aksoy, U., Özer, K.B., Can, H.Z., Köseoğlu, İ. and Konak, R. 2017. Impact of yearly conditions on major physical and chemical properties of fresh, semi-dried and sun-dried fig (Ficus carica L. 'Sarılop') fruit. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1173:309-314
colour, defects, fruit weight, ostiole-end crack, sugar composition, sun-scald