KNOWLEDGE OF GENETIC RESOURCES OF DATE PALM IN THE REGION OF ADRAR (TOUAT, GOURARA AND TIDIKELT)

A. Zaki, A. Tirichine, A. Laaboudi, B. Moussaoui , M. Khar
The date palm knows an important loss of area causing the disappearance of a certain number of cultivars. In order to save them, to better exploit and manage it, the knowledge of phoenicultural national heritage is still an emergency. For this purpose, a study focusing on the determination of the component of all palm cultivation owned various localities or “Ksours” in the region of Adrar (Touat, Gourara and Tidikelt) was undertaken. The inventory accomplished in 10 gardens by locality raised a very rich and varietal composition. It is composed of 195 cultivars in Touat, 334 in Gourara and 44 in Tidikelt. Seven major cultivars are divided on all the palm groves. The cultivar ‘Tilemsou’ (or ‘H’mira’) which is very susceptible to fusariose, is spread throughout all plantations of Gourara (with 49% of the total), and of the Touat with 32%. In contrast in Tidikelt the cultivar ‘Tegaza’ is predominant. The rest of the cultivars showed a heterogeneous distribution.
Zaki, A., Tirichine, A., Laaboudi, A., Moussaoui , B. and Khar, M. 2013. KNOWLEDGE OF GENETIC RESOURCES OF DATE PALM IN THE REGION OF ADRAR (TOUAT, GOURARA AND TIDIKELT). Acta Hort. (ISHS) 994:125-131
http://www.actahort.org/books/994/994_12.htm
save, cultivar, inventory, genetic diversity, fusariose
French

Acta Horticulturae