DIVERSITY OF LITHUANIAN GLADIOLUS CULTIVARS IN THE VILNIUS UNIVERSITY BOTANICAL GARDEN

G. Stukeniene, R. Juodkaite, A. Skridaila
The collections of the Vilnius University Botanical Garden contain over 10000 taxa (species, subspecies and cultivars) from 190 families and 866 genera. The Floriculture Department of the Vilnius University Botanical Garden is rich in genera, species, cultivars and hybrids (3000 plant names of 78 families and 312 genera). The investigations, descriptions and evaluations of morphological, bioecological and ornamental properties of Gladiolus were carried out in the period of 1998-2011 according to the requirements of the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV), Biodiversity International (BI) and methodologies used in neighboring countries. The researchers of the Floriculture Department of the Botanical Garden of Vilnius University have been investigating, accumulating and preserving the cultivars created by Lithuanian plant breeders. At present in the collection of the Botanical Garden of Vilnius University there are 160 gladioli cultivars of both foreign and Lithuanian origin. A hundred of them have been researched. The goal of the study was to investigate and estimate morphological-ornamental properties of the Lithuanian gladiolus cultivars in the Botanical Garden of Vilnius University and to evaluate them. These cultivars come in a vast range of size, forms and flower color. The following gladioli received the highest evaluation for their decorative properties: ‘Aksakal’, ‘Cherry Giant’, ‘Solveiga’, ‘Raudonasis Koralas’, ‘Paparcio Ziedas’, ‘Plaštakė’, ‘Kovo 11-oji’, ‘Pupu Dede’, ‘Saules Takas’ and ‘Vinetu’. The propagation yield of Lithuanian gladioli cultivars is from 2 to 72 cormels.
Stukeniene, G., Juodkaite, R. and Skridaila, A. (2013). DIVERSITY OF LITHUANIAN GLADIOLUS CULTIVARS IN THE VILNIUS UNIVERSITY BOTANICAL GARDEN. Acta Hortic. 1002, 31-35
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2013.1002.2
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2013.1002.2
cultivars, Gladiolus hybridus Hort., morphology, ornamental plants
English

Acta Horticulturae