THE USE OF ACANTHUS IN ANCIENT ART
Plants have had a very important place in human life; initially they were simply collected from nature for their basic necessities during the Paleolithic Ages. Being a vital part of daily life, plants have gained different meanings in time and so have become important symbols of religious beliefs and rituals. It is because of this that during the religious rituals or festivals organized in ancient times divine places were embellished with the special plants that are accepted as symbols of relevant gods. Leaves of the Acanthus plant were used as decoration motive and there are several known types of this plant. However, it is generally accepted that the Acanthus types which were used in the decoration art during the ancient period are originally from the Aegean and the Mediterranean regions and they are known under the names of Acanthus mollies and Acanthus spinosus. It has been ascertained that above mentioned Acanthus species were initiated to be used in sepulchral areas and this tradition later on continued until the Byzantine Period in funerary context. The usage of Acanthus leaves as a decoration motive in divine areas is seen late in the 5th century BC. The usage of Acanthus plant in spatial variety brought innovation to the free work artists in typology. In the course of time however this spatial variety caused to lose its natural structures and got away from its original forms.
Korkut, T. (2013). THE USE OF ACANTHUS IN ANCIENT ART. Acta Hortic. 1002, 265-270
Acanthus, ancient times, usage areas