ALLIANCE BY COERCION OR VOLUNTARY PARTNERSHIPS: THE ROLE OF ALLIANCE TYPES IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE ALLIANCES
Public-private alliances have become increasingly popular with international donor agencies and developing country governments for the delivery of official development assistance programs. Yet to date, the success of these alliances has been mixed. One reason for this may be the lack of a robust theoretical foundation for alliance establishment. This research adds to the established body of knowledge through investigating the alliance type. Two types of alliances are described in the strategic alliance literature: constrained choice alliances where the partners are coerced or encouraged into the relationship; and voluntary alliances where the alliance is established under conditions that are mutually acceptable to all parties. Constrained choice alliances are dominated by the alliance initiator; prescribed governance arrangements; asymmetries of power and control; formal accountability and validation mechanisms; and relationships that are focused on meeting the needs and objectives of the alliance initiator. Voluntary alliances involve the partners in establishing governance structures; decision making is more collegiate; partners are actively involved in partner selection, strategic decision-making and alliance management; leadership is supportive; and relationships are more collaborative, cooperative, nurturing and open. Alliance type is fundamental to the success of alliance establishment.
Baxter, L.B. (2013). ALLIANCE BY COERCION OR VOLUNTARY PARTNERSHIPS: THE ROLE OF ALLIANCE TYPES IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE ALLIANCES. Acta Hortic. 1006, 93-101
public-private alliances, alliance types, ODA, constrained choice alliances, voluntary alliances, comparative analysis