PATTERN OF CONSUMPTION AND PREFERENCE FOR SELECTED SPICES IN NIGERIA
Spices not only play an important role in the daily diet and nutrition, but also in the socio-cultural setting of the different ethnic groups in Nigeria. Despite their numerous uses and properties, many of the plants used as spices in Nigeria are neglected and endangered, even though spice consumption in Nigeria and other West African countries has increased in recent times. A survey of three ecological zones in Nigeria was therefore conducted to identify the preferences of consumers for spices as well as the factors that influence consumer preferences. Twelve Local Government Areas were randomly selected within the three (Imo, Kano and Oyo) identified States and questionnaires were distributed to 80 randomly selected individuals and households in each State, leading to a total sample size of 240 respondents of which 234 (97.5%) interviews could be analyzed. Data were analyzed using frequency counts, percentages and Chi-square tests. 59% of the respondents were female, while 60.3% were between 31-50 years old, with 57.3% of respondents educated at a tertiary level. Onions were mostly preferred and used amongst the consumers of spices in Nigeria, while Tetrapleura tetraptera<:I> were least preferred. Age, ethnicity and occupation had a significant (p<0.05) effect on the income spent on spices. An increased awareness is needed on the nutritional, medicinal and economic importance of spices used in Nigeria.
Akinpelu, C.A., Adebayo, O.S., Adesegun, E.A., Aminu-Taiwo, B.R., Adeoye, I.B., Akinrinola, A.O., Ngbede, S.O. and Idris, B.A. (2013). PATTERN OF CONSUMPTION AND PREFERENCE FOR SELECTED SPICES IN NIGERIA. Acta Hortic. 1007, 903-908
ecological zones, consumer preference, Tetrapleura tetraptera