INTERACTION BETWEEN PRODUCTION CHARACTERISTICS AND POSTHARVEST PERFORMANCE AND PRACTICES FOR FRESH FRUIT
Significant interactions have been demonstrated between production factors and postharvest quality of fresh fruit. Accordingly, there is an attendant need for adaptive postharvest actions to modulate preharvest effects. The most significant preharvest effects appear to be mediated through mineral nutrition influences on the physical characteristics of fruit. Examples of specific influencers include fertilisers, water availability, rootstock, and crop load effects on fruit quality attributes such as skin colour, susceptibility to diseases and physiological disorders, and fruit nutritional composition. Also, rainfall before and during harvest can markedly affect fruit susceptibility to skin blemishes, physical damage, and diseases. Knowledge of preharvest-postharvest interactions can help determine the basis for variability in postharvest performance and thereby allow refinement of postharvest practices to minimise quality loss after harvest. This knowledge can be utilised in predictive management systems. Such systems can benefit from characterisation of fruit nutritional status, particularly minerals, several months before and/or at harvest to allow informed decisions on postharvest handling and marketing options. Other examples of proactive management practices include adjusting harvesting and packing systems to account for rainfall effects before and/or during harvest. Improved understanding of preharvest-postharvest interactions is contributing to the delivery of consistently higher quality of fruit to consumers. This paper focuses on the state of knowledge for sub-tropical and tropical fruits, in particular avocado and mango.
Hofman, P.J., Marques, J.R., Macnish, A.J. and Joyce, D.C. (2013). INTERACTION BETWEEN PRODUCTION CHARACTERISTICS AND POSTHARVEST PERFORMANCE AND PRACTICES FOR FRESH FRUIT. Acta Hortic. 1012, 55-69
avocado, fruit quality, mango, prediction, preharvest