ENHANCEMENT OF PHYTOCHEMICAL CONTENTS IN COLD STORED FRESH MISAI KUCING (ORTHOSIPHON STAMINEUS BENTH.) BY PROLONGED STORAGE IN DRIED FORM
The effect of low temperature pre-storage of fresh leaves followed by storage of leaves in dried form on the phytochemical content of Misai kucing (MK) was studied. The fresh leaves that were packed in perforated polyethylene (PE) bag and stored for one to four weeks at 10°C, were then dried, packed in sealed packaging and further stored at ambient for another 6 months. Observations on phytochemical changes were done after storage of both fresh and dried leaves. Continuous storage of leaves in dried form for 6 months after fresh storage was found to increase total phenolic and rosmarinic acid contents in MK. The total phenolic contents of stored dried leaves from each storage period prior to drying were increased by 65% after 6 months storage at ambient, whereas rosmarinic acid remained higher only in stored dried leaves of the first 3 weeks fresh removal but declining in dried leaves from 4 weeks removal. Meanwhile total flavonoid content showed the opposite result as its content rapidly declined with fresh storage period and the amount of total flavonoid seemed to decrease when the dried leaves were subjected to prolonged storage. The results suggest that the prolonged storage of leaves in dried form at ambient condition after pre-storage of fresh leaves at 10°C can enhance the phytochemical contents in MK.
Noor Ismawaty, N., Ahmad Tarmizi, S., Engku Hasmah, E.A. and NurulNahar, E. (2013). ENHANCEMENT OF PHYTOCHEMICAL CONTENTS IN COLD STORED FRESH MISAI KUCING (ORTHOSIPHON STAMINEUS BENTH.) BY PROLONGED STORAGE IN DRIED FORM. Acta Hortic. 1012, 1499-1505
Orthosiphon stamineus Benth (Misai kucing), fresh storage, dried storage, phytochemical changes