DYNAMICS OF THE VEGETABLE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS ALONG THE RURAL-URBAN CONTINUUM OF BAMENDA, NORTHWEST CAMEROON
The increasing urbanization of African cities has caused an increase in food demand, particularly for vegetable production, with concomitant modification of access conditions to means of production. In Cameroon it has been projected that in 2030, two out of three Cameroonians will live in cities. In response to this urban growth, there has been a growth in vegetable production within and around the cities. This survey analyzes the dynamics of the changes within vegetable production systems in what can be termed the rural-urban continuum. A survey was conducted among 150 vegetable producers in Bamenda, distributed equally to producers in rural, peri-urban and urban zones. The data were analyzed using SPSS. The results show that most vegetable producers (34.7%) are young (30-40 years of age). Gender parity between the vegetable producers is respectively 51.3% men to 48.7% women. The majority (48.7%) of respondents had reached a primary school level of education. Land tenure is high in rural and peri-urban zones, where more than 92% of the vegetable producers own their land, compared with 74% in the urban zone. Classifying vegetable production systems by typology showed that the further one moves from the urban centre, the more the cultivated surface increases. Thus, 88% of the respondents in the urban zone possess kitchen gardens with an area less than or equal to 500 m2, whereas 76% of the respondents in the peri-urban zone own a vegetable farm situated close to their dwelling with an area between 1000-2500 m2, and 48% the respondents in the rural zone own vegetable fields far from their dwelling greater than or equal to 2500 m2 in size. In the rural and peri-urban zones respectively, 80 and 86% of vegetable producers sell more than 75% of their vegetable products, compared to 4% in the urban zone, where the vegetables are produced more for home consumption. The constraints of production vary from one zone to another along the continuum. In urban zones, land tenure is the main production constraint for 50% of vegetable producers, whereas in peri-urban and rural zones, the major production constraint is lack of access to agricultural inputs.
Kamga, A., Kouamé, C. and Drescher, A.W. (2014). DYNAMICS OF THE VEGETABLE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS ALONG THE RURAL-URBAN CONTINUUM OF BAMENDA, NORTHWEST CAMEROON. Acta Hortic. 1021, 67-76
urbanization, rural-urban continuum, production system, vegetable production, Bamenda, Cameroon