THE MEANING OF LAND USE PLANNING FOR URBAN HORTICULTURE - THE EXAMPLE OF "KLEINGAERTEN" IN GERMANY AND COMPARABLE KINDS OF GARDENS ELSEWHERE
Community gardens in Canada and the United States, allotment gardens in England, jardins familiaux in France, Kleingaerten in Germany, shimin noen in Japan, volkstuin in the Netherlands, and ogródek działkowy in Poland have many points in common. City planners, among others, have generally considered them as a temporary and unstable use of the land. However, as examples from many countries around the world show, they are neither temporary nor unstable. It is the goal of this presentation to address aspects of the long-standing struggle to include such gardens as an integral part of urban land-use planning. This struggle includes the need for effective communication via contemporary media to give kleingaerten and comparable gardens a permanent status in land-use planning. The need to organize democratically at the level of the residential neighborhood as well as at municipal, regional, national and international levels will be emphasized. The Pniowers social program to provide a city of 1 million inhabitants with gardens will be discussed as a prime example of the role of urban horticulture as part of a city-wide open-space policy. The examples presented refer mainly to kleingaerten in Germany, but will include gardens from other countries as well, such as Canada, Cuba, Japan and the United States.
Groening, G. (2014). THE MEANING OF LAND USE PLANNING FOR URBAN HORTICULTURE - THE EXAMPLE OF "KLEINGAERTEN" IN GERMANY AND COMPARABLE KINDS OF GARDENS ELSEWHERE. Acta Hortic. 1021, 103-120
urban gardening, city planning, garden cities, open space reduction, increasing urban population, community gardens, jardins familiaux, kolonihave, ogrodék działkowy, shimin-noen, volkstuinen, organization, social garden program, century of cities