THE EFFECT OF SILICA AND MANURE ADDITION INTO SUPPRESSIVE AND CONDUCIVE SOIL ON THE INCIDENCE OF FUSARIUM WILT DISEASE OF BANANA
Fusarium wilt, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), is one of the most destructive diseases of banana. One potential method to manage fusarium wilt of banana is by manipulating the nutrient status in the soil. This study was conducted to determine the quality of Foc suppressive and conducive soil, the influence of soil application of silica and manure on the incidence of fusarium wilt of banana. Surveys were conducted in five banana plantations in three provinces in Indonesia: Lampung-Sumatra, West Java and Central Java. From the five locations, one location (Sala-man-Central Java) was heavily infected by Foc, another location (NTF Lampung-Sumatera) was slightly infected by Foc, while the rest (Sarampad-West Java, Talaga-West Java and GGP Lampung-Sumatra) were healthy banana plantations without Foc infection. Labile carbon analysis showed that the Foc suppressive soil had greater labile carbon content than conducive soil. Also, the analysis of fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis (FDA) and β-glucosidase showed greater microbial activity in suppressive soil than the conducive soil. Observations of the incidence of necrotic rhizome of Foc susceptible Ambon Kuning (AAA) banana cultivar showed that in the suppressive soil taken from Sarampad West Java, the application of silica and manure helped suppress fusarium wilt disease development. In the conducive soil taken from Salaman-Central Java, silica and manure applications were not able to suppress disease incidence. The result of this study indicated that in suppressive soil, the application of silica can increase plant resistance to Foc infection, while manure application can increase soil microbial activity, and suppress Foc development.
Wibowo, A., Utami, S.N.H., Subandiyah, S., Somala, M.U.A., Pattison , A., Forsyth , L. and Molina, A. (2014). THE EFFECT OF SILICA AND MANURE ADDITION INTO SUPPRESSIVE AND CONDUCIVE SOIL ON THE INCIDENCE OF FUSARIUM WILT DISEASE OF BANANA. Acta Hortic. 1026, 55-60
fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis, β-glucosidase, necrotic rhizome, soil microbial activity