THE EFFECT OF 3-5-6 TPA ON FRUIT DROP AND FRUIT SIZE IN THE LYCHEE (LITCHI CHINENSIS) CULTIVARS 'FAY ZEE SIU' ('FEIZIXIAO'), 'KAIMANA', 'KWAI MAI PINK', 'SOUEY TUNG' AND 'TAI SO' ('MAURITUS')
Fruit drop can cause major yield losses in Australian lychee orchards, the severity varying with cultivar and season. Research in China, South Africa and Israel has demonstrated the potential for synthetic auxins used as foliar sprays to reduce fruit drop in lychee. Trials tested the efficacy of the synthetic auxin 3-5-6 trichloro-2-phridyl-oxyacetic acid (TPA) applied as a foliar spray at 50 ppm on fruit drop and fruit size on the cultivars Fay Zee Siu, Kaimana, Kwai Mai Pink, Souey Tung and Tai So. TPA reduced fruit drop when applied to fruit greater than 12 mm in length but increased fruit drop when fruit were smaller. Fruit size at the time of application had less effect on the response than the level of natural fruit drop. When natural fruit drop was high, TPA significantly reduced it; by up to 18.7% in Fay Zee Siu, 37.1% in Kaimana, 39.8% in Kwai Mai Pink, 15.1% in Souey Tung and 7.7% in Tai So. TPA was less effective when natural fruit drop was low. TPA increased the number of large fruit and frequently increased the number of small fruit at harvest. The small fruit were associated with an increase in the retention of fruit with poorly developed (chicken tongue) seed. Average fruit size was generally larger (up to 12.7% in Souey Tung and 22% in Tai So) with TPA applications.
Drinnan, J. (2014). THE EFFECT OF 3-5-6 TPA ON FRUIT DROP AND FRUIT SIZE IN THE LYCHEE (LITCHI CHINENSIS) CULTIVARS 'FAY ZEE SIU' ('FEIZIXIAO'), 'KAIMANA', 'KWAI MAI PINK', 'SOUEY TUNG' AND 'TAI SO' ('MAURITUS'). Acta Hortic. 1029, 273-280
fruit abscission, auxin, 3-5-6 trichloro-2-phridyl-oxyacetic acid, chicken tongue seed