POPPY (PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM L.) AS A SPECIAL CROP IN THE SLOVAKIAN HISTORY AND CULTURE
Poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) is a traditional crop in Slovakia with a long cultivation history. In the 4th-5th century, the Slavs brought it in our area during the nation migration. Large scale cultivation of poppy, as an oil plant, began in the early 19th century after the catastrophic damages of olive plantations in southern France. Poppy is grown mainly for the food grade seed production. Poppy straw, which is the basic raw material for alkaloid production, is a by-product of the cultivation. Seeds are used for direct consumption, in many bakery products, as a decorative garnish, as a paste of ground seeds and in main course dishes. These are part of the traditional dishes at various festive occasions (Christmas and Easter times). In Slovakia, this crop is grown on large areas. However, it is also a typical plant of the gardens. The seeds themselves do not contain significant amounts of alkaloids. They may show finite amounts of alkaloids, when contaminated with small particles of poppy straw. Slovak cultivars contain from low to moderate content of morphine, so contamination is negligible and consumption is not harmful to human health.
Fejér , J. and Salamon, I. (2014). POPPY (PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM L.) AS A SPECIAL CROP IN THE SLOVAKIAN HISTORY AND CULTURE . Acta Hortic. 1036, 107-109
Slovakia, poppy, traditional crop, poppy seeds, food