PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF SOME NUT CHARACTERISTICS WITHIN 'CHILEAN BARCELONA' HAZELNUT CULTIVAR IN SOUTH CHILE

M. Ellena, P. Sandoval, A. Gonzalez, J. Jequier, M. Contreras
During the period 2010-2011, a research was carried to determine differences in nut and kernel quality characteristics and variation in nut and kernel productive parameters: nut weight, kernel weight in hazelnut orchards of ‘Chilean Barcelona’ in Vilcún (1), Gorbea (2), in Araucanía region and Trumao (1) province of Osorno, Los Lagos region. The samples were selected at random from 4 orchards. It was determined that the nut weight, nut length, nut width, nut thickness, kernel weight, kernel, kernel length, kernel width, kernel ratio of this material were: Vilcún (3.58 g, 23.8 mm, 18.20 mm, 1.46 g, 14.72 mm, 16.70 mm, 38.1%), Gorbea (1) (3.59 g, 21.61 mm, 18.37 mm, 1.47 g, 16.62 mm, 15.30 mm, 39.5%), Gorbea (2) (3.89 g, 22.90 mm, 18.53 mm, 1.45 g, 16.96 mm, 15.40 mm, 34.8%) and Osorno (3.07 g, 22.08 mm, 18.20 mm, 1.33 g, 15.18 mm, 15.89 mm, 40.2%), respectively.
Additionally, other nut and kernel characteristics were evaluated: blanks, twins, shriveled kernel, mold with the following results: Vilcún 28%, 0%, 7.0%, 3.0%; Gorbea (1) 8.0%, 4.0%, 3.0%, 0.1%; Gorbea (2) 9.0%, 3.0%, 3.0%, 0%; and Osorno 20%, 2.0%, 7.0%, 1.0%, respectively.
As a result of this study, it was determined that there were differences of some nut characteristics within ‘Chilean Barcelona’ hazelnut cultivated in 4 diverse areas of plantation in the south of the country. However, the low nut and kernel weight was obtained in Osorno area and the highest kernel percentage also was obtained in this zone.
Ellena, M., Sandoval, P., Gonzalez, A., Jequier, J. and Contreras, M. (2014). PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF SOME NUT CHARACTERISTICS WITHIN 'CHILEAN BARCELONA' HAZELNUT CULTIVAR IN SOUTH CHILE. Acta Hortic. 1052, 85-89
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1052.10
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1052.10
hazelnut
English

Acta Horticulturae