FOURTHY-FIVE YEARS OF SHARKA DISEASE IN TURKEY
Sharka disease in Turkey has firstly been reported in 1968 in Edirne (Marmara region) which is located next to the Bulgarian border. Nowadays, new PPV outbreaks have been reported in Central Anatolia (Ankara, Kayseri), Aegean (Izmir) and Mediterranean regions (Adana, Mersin, Hatay). The distribution of PPV strains was mainly related to the geographical location and the period of PPV introduction in these regions. PPV-M was mainly detected in peach, nectarine and apricot which were recently imported from abroad to the Mediterranean region. PPV-T was detected in apricot and plums in Central Anatolia and in the Aegean Regions where PPV has been endemic and existing for years. These distributions might indicate that new outbreaks may be mainly due to latently infected material that has passed through the border control. Epidemiology and rootstock susceptibility to PPV has also been recently accomplished. A breeding program has been started in 2006 and its main aim is to obtain dried apricot cultivars resistant to PPV and well adapted to Turkish conditions.
Çağlayan , K., Ulubaş Serçe, C. and Gazel, M. (2015). FOURTHY-FIVE YEARS OF SHARKA DISEASE IN TURKEY. Acta Hortic. 1063, 41-45
Plum pox virus, detection, characterization, epidemiology, breeding