GRAPEVINE BREEDING AND GENETICS IN CHINA: HISTORY, CURRENT STATUS AND THE FUTURE
Grapevine breeding and genetic researches have been given a lot of care and support from the central government of China after 1949. The first grapevine breeding program was initiated in 1953 in China, which focused on high resistance to cold. Over the past 60 years, more than 200 cultivars were approved or released by more than 40 institutions or growers in China. From the 21st century, grape research is getting into comprehensive development phase. Except for grapevine breeding, evaluation of berry quality and resistance at germplasm level, studies on inheritance of berry quality and resistance to biotic stress and excavation of critical genes to control berry quality and resistance to biotic and abiotic stress were carried out by the Chinese researchers. During the last 30 years, grapevine cultivation and wine industry developed rapidly in China. Now grapevines are widely cultivated, in more than 20 provinces and municipals in China, but most cultivated land is in northern China, for example, Xingjiang, Shadong, Liaoning Hebei produce more than 40% of grape production in China. The climate characteristics are grand rainfall during the growing season in southern China and cold and dry winters in northern China. The critical limits in grape production and future of genetic research and breeding in grapevines in China are discussed.
Shaohua Li, (2015). GRAPEVINE BREEDING AND GENETICS IN CHINA: HISTORY, CURRENT STATUS AND THE FUTURE. Acta Hortic. 1082, 165-176
China, grape breeding