EVALUATION OF GRAFT COMPATIBILITY AND ORGANOLEPTIC TRAITS OF GREENHOUSE CUCUMBER SEEDLINGS GRAFTED ON DIFFERENT ROOTSTOCKS
Attention to off-season vegetables production has led extension new methods such as fruit vegetable grafting. In order to study the quality and quantity characters of grafted cucumber seedlings on different rootstocks this experiment was conducted in Agriculture & natural resources research centre of Isfahan, during 2002-2004. Scion cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. Soltan) was grafted onto six different rootstocks namely: Cucurbita ficifolia Bouche Fig leaf gourd, Cucurbita pepo Mosamaii, Cucumis melo L. var. flexuosus Chanbar, Cucumis melo L. var. reticulates Talebi, Cucumis sativus L. Dastgerdi and Citrullus lanatus Watermelon, and non-grafted cucumber Soltan as control. Results showed that early flowering (10 day) and precocity (5 day) was higher than rootstock on Mosamaii. The fruit yield of Fig leaf gourd, Mosamaii, non-grafted control Soltan, Talebi, Chanbar, Dastgerdi and Watermelon, were 3.1, 2.3, 1.8, 1.6, 1.5, 0.9 and 0.4 (kg/plant), respectively. Survival rate of rootstocks were 88, 69, 49, 42, 27 and 18% for Mosamaii, Fig leaf gourd, Chanbar, Talebi, Dastgerdi and Watermelon, respectively. Grafting system in this study with cucurbit rootstocks were limited by fruit quality and should be carried out carefully. The overall results of this experiment shows that the most suitable rootstocks for grafting were pumpkin Fig leaf gourd and squash Mosamaii.
Farhadi, A. and Malek , S. (2015). EVALUATION OF GRAFT COMPATIBILITY AND ORGANOLEPTIC TRAITS OF GREENHOUSE CUCUMBER SEEDLINGS GRAFTED ON DIFFERENT ROOTSTOCKS. Acta Hortic. 1086, 219-224
grafting, cucumber, rootstock, yield, quality