YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF GRAFTED AND NON-GRAFTED MUSKMELON (CUCUMIS MELO L.) AFFECTED BY PLANTING DENSITY

H. Mohammadi, R. Salehi, M. Esmaeili
The use of grafted melons for reducing damages caused by soil-borne pathogens is launching in Iran. The price of a grafted transplant is approximately seven times higher than that of a non- grafted one, and thus growers have to carefully consider the economic benefits of using grafted plants, which depend on expected yield and income. Yield and quality of muskmelon cultivar Samsoori (Falat seed company) grafted on rootstock of Cucurbita maxima Duchesne ×Cucurbita moschata Duchesne (‘Ace’; DongBu HighTek seed company) were evaluated in open filed conditions. Experiment had six treatments, two of which with non-grafted and grafted plants with plant densities of 13,333, 8,333, and 6,060 plants/ha. The use of muskmelon grafted on ‘Ace’ rootstock showed significant difference in the total fruit weight and the total yield. Grafting increased total yield about 23.5% with increasing of fruit number per plant. With the use of melon plants, planting density may be reduced by 55%, obtaining lower yields than those obtained from plants grown on common density. Fruits harvested from grafted plants had higher flesh and skin percentage than those harvested from non-grafted plants, without affecting the content of soluble solids. Stem length of scions in grafted plants was higher than in the non-grafted ones. Interaction effects of treatments were significantly in traits leaf number and flesh dry matter.
Mohammadi, H., Salehi, R. and Esmaeili, M. (2015). YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF GRAFTED AND NON-GRAFTED MUSKMELON (CUCUMIS MELO L.) AFFECTED BY PLANTING DENSITY. Acta Hortic. 1086, 247-254
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1086.31
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1086.31
rootstock, scion, grafting method, plant population
English

Acta Horticulturae