INFLUENCE OF POLLEN ON MATERNAL SEEDS AND FRUIT TISSUE OF TOMATO
Maternal plants typically influence the phenotype of fruit and seed. The source of pollen could have significant effect on the phenotype of maternal tissue. In this research, fruit from two reciprocal crosses (TM50 and V85) were monitored for 50 days after pollination. Different sources of pollen had different effects on the maternal tissue phenotype. TM50 pollen accelerated red color development in the V85 fruit. Dry matter, total soluble solids and titratable acidity ratio (TSS/TA) and glucose contents in the pulp were reduced, whereas TSS/TA in mucilage seed coat increased compared to fruit from self-pollinated V85. The proportions of fructose, glucose and sucrose content in seeds were different in the self-pollinated V85. V85 pollen reduced dry matter, TSS/TA (pulp) and sucrose content (seed) in the TM50, but the seed number per fruit, 1,000 seed weight and glucose content in seeds were increased. The results indicate that cross pollination using TM50 or V85 pollen had different effects on maternal fruit and F1 seed quality.
Singkaew, J., Vichitsoonthonkul, T., Wongs-Aree, C., Photchanachai, S., Miyagawa, S. and Sokaokha, S. (2015). INFLUENCE OF POLLEN ON MATERNAL SEEDS AND FRUIT TISSUE OF TOMATO. Acta Hortic. 1088, 453-456
tomato, pollination, phenotype, ripening