COLLECTING AND CONSERVATION OF PEAR LANDRACES
Old pear landraces representing valuable genetic material should be preserved for future generations. Collecting of landraces especially from areas with minimal damages caused by human activities has been running since 1994. Based on the collaboration with experts from national parks and protected areas in the Czech Republic, collecting expeditions were regularly organized in the time of fruit ripening. Areas suitable for exploration were identified. All landraces found during expeditions were described, documented and fruit samples were taken for detailed characterisation of cultivars. Valuable pear cultivars were transplanted to field collection in RBIP Holovousy Ltd. In situ conserved cultivars were registered in maps and localized by GPS navigation. Accessions of pear landraces were preserved in situ, mostly in national parks and protected areas. On farm plantations were also established to preserve landraces in particular areas. Trees are cultivated as high-stem on seedling rootstocks. Cultivars transplanted to field collection of RBIP Holovousy are evaluated for phenological, yield and fruit characteristics including sensory evaluation on an annual basis. Results of evaluations provide an overview about features and advantages of particular pear cultivars. Based on obtained results, selected pear landraces are described in this work.
Paprstein, F., Sedlák, J. and Holubec, V. (2015). COLLECTING AND CONSERVATION OF PEAR LANDRACES. Acta Hortic. 1094, 131-134
Pyrus, cultivar, in situ, on farm, evaluation