GOLDEN KIWIFRUIT SEEDLING PROGENIES AND THEIR HYBRIDS IN NORTHERN IRAN
Development of the new yellow kiwifruit cultivar named Hort. 16 A and marketed under the ZESPRITM Gold kiwifruit brand is a remarkable and innovative scientific and commercial success story which encouraged kiwifruit breeders in the world to breed color flesh kiwifruit. For the first time Golden kiwifruit seeds have been imported from USA to Iran in 2003 by Y. Ebrahimi, a pioneer Iranian scientist on citrus and kiwifruit culture with numerous studies and researches on citrus and kiwifruit in his workbook. Of all the seeds, only 12 Golden kiwifruit seedlings were reached to final evaluation and bloomed in spring 2006. Seven seedlings were male and five of them were female under the codes of EMM1-7 and EMF1-5. The fruits originated from the five female seedlings were very small in size compared to the original Golden kiwifruit. In spring 2007, the pollen of seven male seedlings were collected and pollinated with Hayward kiwifruit. The result was 504 seedlings which were planted in a well-drained composted land and forced them through stem ringing to bear the first fruits. In 2012, 20 of the seedlings did bear their first fruits with different shape, size and taste with yellow color flesh and three of them EMF6, EMF7 and EMF8 were released in the north of Iran. This paper will explain all about the kiwifruit breeding programs and characteristics of three released genotypes in Caspian Sea Region.
Ebrahimi, Y., Joshari, H. and Gacemi, S. 2015. GOLDEN KIWIFRUIT SEEDLING PROGENIES AND THEIR HYBRIDS IN NORTHERN IRAN. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1096:161-164
Golden kiwifruit, seedlings, hybrid, progenies