MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR MINIKIWI (ACTINIDIA ARGUTE): PRACTICAL EXPERIENCES OF EUROPEAN GROWERS

E. Calvez, S. Neuberger, K. Wagner, K. Schoedl-Hummel, F. Debersaques
Hairless, minikiwi fruit (Actinidia argute) have become more popular because of their intensely sweet taste, their suitability as convenience food and their late ripening time which marks the end of berry season in Europe. Production of minikiwis is still only beginning in Europe – consequently, many different management strategies are being tested.
In the study presented here, thirteen minikiwi producers from Austria, Belgium, Germany, Poland and the Netherlands were questioned as to their management strategies including the cultivars planted, soil management, pruning practices, harvest procedures, storage of fruit, etc.
Evaluation of the survey showed that planted cultivars are quite diverse including ‘Weiki’, ‘Jumbo’, ‘Ken’s Red’ and ‘Geneva’ but with not one of them being dominant. The ‘T-system’ was used by eight survey participants while other systems such as the three-wire-system or the ‘Pergola-system’ were used by only three and one producers, respectively. Since the minikiwi is dioecious, planting of male and female plants is necessary for adequate yields – the majority of the growers surveyed uses a ratio of male:female plants of 1:8. Ten of the 13 minikiwi growers surveyed prune the plants in winter and summer with varying dates for each pruning operation.
Although only a few minikiwi growers participated in the survey presented, the results clearly indicate the great diversity in European minikiwi production. To increase minikiwi productivity management guidelines need to be formulated in respect to different climatic conditions.
Calvez, E., Neuberger, S., Wagner, K., Schoedl-Hummel, K. and Debersaques, F. (2015). MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR MINIKIWI (ACTINIDIA ARGUTE): PRACTICAL EXPERIENCES OF EUROPEAN GROWERS. Acta Hortic. 1096, 451-454
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1096.54
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1096.54
pruning, harvest, frost, cultivar
English

Acta Horticulturae