RUMANIAN NATIVE PLUM VARIETIES AND THEIR BREEDING IMPORTANCE

V. COCIU, C. RADULESCU
The plum tree has been cultivated in Rumania from time immemorial, being represented by countless populations, biotypes and varieties obtained by mutual and natural crosses of Prunus domestica L., Prunus insititia Jusl., Prunus spinosa L., Prunus cerasifera Erhl.

The application almost exclusive of seed and sucker propagation used by fruit growers even intensified this formation process of the native plum varieties, i.e. ecotypes and biotypes, characterized by an enough great diversity of various features and characteristics.

Along the centuries, Rumanian people has chosen and propagated - among these byotypes - a series of clones appreciated first for their taste, fruit size, ripening time and then according to other criteria to meet the economical requirements.

Numerous native varieties, which may be seen even today in the old fruit areas such as Voinesti, Pucioasa, Radaseni, Comarna, Pitesti, Leordeni, Rîmnicu-Vîlcea, Geoagiu, Somcuta, etc., are indicating not only a rich native and semicultivated flora, but an old tradition in fruit breeding.

The popular names of these fruit varieties point out on the one hand their origin and on the other hand a series of peculiarities related to fruit colour, size, shape, ripening time, taste, etc. The following varieties may be mentioned: Amare, Albe, Albe de Voinesti, Bolzesti, Boambe, Buburuze, Batute, Bardace, Colduse, Crihine, Ciorasti, Coreodane, Cotrune, Dulci, Doroante, Goldane, Gîtlanoase, Galbene, Gogosele, Grass, Negre, Nemtesti, Porumbute, Poganesti, Popesti

COCIU, V. and RADULESCU, C. (1968). RUMANIAN NATIVE PLUM VARIETIES AND THEIR BREEDING IMPORTANCE. Acta Hortic. 10, 87-96
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1968.10.8
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1968.10.8

Acta Horticulturae