Original design and ecological recreation: a comparative analysis of wetland parks in the Yangtse River Delta area
The Yangtze River Delta is the alluvial plain before the longest river in Asia and the largest economic zone in China. It includes Zhejiang Province, Jiangsu Province and direct-controlled municipality Shanghai. As it is facing the most pressure of environment, resources and population with the rapid economic development, construction of ecological parks that can protect natural environments and restore urban environments are essential. And the protection of wetlands plays the key role in ecological landscape construction where many wetlands, lake areas, riverine areas and coastal areas lie. In recent years, China has devoted more and more attention to the construction of Wetland Ecological Parks with the promulgation of Assessment Standard of National Wetland Park and Construction Regulation of National Wetland Park. Typical cases of wetland ecological parks from Yangtze River Delta area are discussed in this paper, including those from Hangzhou City, Taihu Lake area and Chongming Island. Meanwhile, Hong Kong Wetland Park which is acclaimed in the Asia-Pacific region is used as a reference. The design focus, design ideas and landscape elements, especially ecological design of horticulture are summarized in this research based on field survey. Four main construction principles are put forward in order to provide reference for the ecological protection of similar areas.
Zhang, Lin, Xia, Yi-ping, Wu, Qiong, She, Lin-fang, Li, Han and Ruan, Ting-li (2016). Original design and ecological recreation: a comparative analysis of wetland parks in the Yangtse River Delta area. Acta Hortic. 1108, 241-248
landscape architecture, landscape ecology, urban environment