Production locality influences postharvest disease development and quality in mangoes
Postharvest disease management is one of the key challenges in commercial mango supply chains. Comprehensive investigations were made regarding the impact of geographic locality on postharvest disease development and other quality parameters in 'Sindhri' and 'Samar Bahisht (S.B.) Chaunsa' mangoes under ambient (33±1°C; 55-60% RH) and low temperature storage/simulated shipping (12±1°C; 80-85% RH) conditions (28 or 35 days storage for 'Sindhri' and 21 or 28 days for 'S.B. Chaunsa'). Physiologically mature (days from fruit set were 95-100 and 110-115 for 'Sindhri' and 'S.B Chaunsa', respectively) 'Sindhri' and 'S.B. Chaunsa' fruits were harvested from five geographic localities and subjected to ambient and simulated shipping conditions. Under ambient conditions, no disease incidence was observed till fruit eating stage in 'Sindhri'. However, in 'S.B. Chaunsa', significant variation in different localities was observed with respect to disease incidence. Maximum and at par disease was exhibited by the fruit collected from district Vehari and Khanewal in 'S.B. Chaunsa'. Under simulated shipping conditions, disease development varied significantly with respect to different locations and storage durations. In 'Sindhri', fruit of M. Garh, while, 'S.B. Chaunsa' fruit of districts R.Y. Khan, M. Garh and Khanewal showed higher disease incidence. Fruit peel colour development was significantly reduced as storage days increased. Fruit firmness, skin shriveling, fresh weight loss, dry matter, biochemical and organoleptic attributes also varied significantly among the fruit sourced from different orchards of different localities. Analysis of N contents in leaves and fruit peel revealed that N contents of leaf and peel were positively correlated with disease severity in mango. Botryodiplodia spp., Phomopsis mangiferae, Alternaria alternata, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides were the pathogens isolated from fruits of all locations; however, the prevalence frequency varied with the geographic localities. In conclusion, the production locality, cultivar and nutrition (nitrogen content of fruit peel) had significant effect on fruit quality out-turn at ripe stage in terms of disease development so area specific disease management system needs to be implemented for better quality at retail.
Fiaz, M., Malik, A.U., Amin, M., Khan, A.S., Rehman, A., Alam, M.W., Hofman, P.J. and Johnson, P. (2016). Production locality influences postharvest disease development and quality in mangoes. Acta Hortic. 1111, 369-376
Mangifera indica, geographic locality, disease incidence, fruit quality, nitrogen correlation, pathogens