Postharvest treatment effects on 'B74' mango fruit lenticel discolouration after irradiation
Lenticel discolouration (LD) is a common disorder of mango fruit around the world. It results in poor appearance and disappointment of consumers. LD is exacerbated by treatment of mango fruit with gamma irradiation for insect disinfestation. The issue is problematic on the relatively new mango cultivar 'B74' and may represent an oxidative browning process. With a view to reducing irradiation-induced LD on 'B74', postharvest wax (one and three layers; 75% carnauba wax) and antioxidant (100 mM ascorbic acid, 100 mM calcium chloride, 10, 50 and 100 mM calcium ascorbate) dip treatments were investigated. Treatment of green mature fruit with three layers of wax prior to exposure to 557 Gy gamma irradiation reduced LD by 40% relative to the non-waxed control. However, the fruit failed to ripen properly as evidenced by delayed skin colour change, retarded softening and increased skin browning as compared to the controls and fruit coated with one layer of wax. Treatment with one layer of wax did not reduce LD. Mechanistically, the responses suggest that air exchange plays a pivotal role in LD. A lowered oxygen concentration in the lenticels may reduce the disorder after irradiation treatment. Postharvest treatments with the various antioxidants failed to reduce LD. Rather, all antioxidant treatments at the test concentrations, except calcium chloride, significantly increased skin browning.
Li, G.Q., Gupta, M., San, A.T., Joyce, D.C., Hofman, P.J., Macnish, A.J. and Marques, J. (2016). Postharvest treatment effects on 'B74' mango fruit lenticel discolouration after irradiation. Acta Hortic. 1111, 385-392
antioxidants, 75% carnauba wax, lenticel discolouration, skin colour, firmness, skin browning