Economic issues of Malagasy horticultural and beekeeping fields facing the emerging of the varroa
Malagasy beekeeping has been decimated by the mite varroa (Varroa destructor) since 2010. In the infested potential honey areas, the prevalence of varroa has reached 100% for the beekeepers using modern control practices. Loss of the ecosystem services provided by pollinators, are limiting wild plant pollination. Farmers also suffer negative effects from the loss of bee colonies due to varroa. The loss of pollinating bee populations due to the varroa exposes all plant material to serious threat of decline. This current study examines the economic horticultural issues and beekeeping activities that positively link communities, but are now highly threatened by the varroa. Households in the region of Analamanga have been investigated to assess the economic losses to both bees and plants; furthermore, studies on the resilience of the beekeeping and horticultural activities facing the deficits, have been led.
Andriamanalina, S.I., Ramananarivo, S., Razafiarijaona, J., Rindra, R.M. and Ramananarivo, R. (2016). Economic issues of Malagasy horticultural and beekeeping fields facing the emerging of the varroa. Acta Hortic. 1125, 333-338
honey production, invasive species, systemic approach, Varroa destructor