New floral crops in China
China has a rich resource of wild flora, with around 8000 ornamental species, of which more than 1000 species could be introduced into cultivation after simple evaluation and selection. To improve the utilization of China's outstanding ornamental endemic germplasm, the China One-Thousand New Floral Plants Project has begun, in which more than 1000 ornamental species will be developed as floral crops. In this paper, we present the fundamental principle that has been developed to protect and utilize ChinaRSQUOs wild ornamental plant resources, as well as to breed new cultivars from these local resources. Firstly, the ornamental plants in China were classified into several groups according to their potential use in the floricultural industry, such as potted flowers, cut flowers, foliage plants, plants with ornamental fruits, ornamental grass, etc. A development strategy was generated for selecting and evaluating new floral plants, including evaluation and collection of germplasm, selection and genetic improvement, development of propagation and cultivation techniques, pre- and post-harvesting technologies, regional evaluation and production, production demonstration and commercial production. Through this project, more than 50 wild ornamentals, including species of Primula, Rosa, Primulina and Melastoma, have been successfully propagated and cultivated, and will be used in regional production or for landscaping.
Zhang, Q., Luo, L., Pan, H., Sun, M., Cheng, T., Wang, J. and Cai, M. (2016). New floral crops in China. Acta Hortic. 1127, 515-520
new floral crops, China, germplasm resources, flower industry, development strategy