Antifungal effect of Lamiaceae herbs on Fusarium wilt in strawberry
Lamiaceae herbs have antifungal functions in medical and food aspects. However, the antifungal effects of Lamiaceae herbs on plant diseases remain unclear. In this study, the antifungal effects of 10 species of Lamiaceae herbs on Fusarium wilt in strawberry were estimated. Extracts (0.5 and 2%) of shoots and roots in several herbs suppressed the propagation of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae (2S) in Czapek-Dox medium in vitro. In this case, extracts of oregano (Origanum vulgare L.), sage (Salvia officinalis L.), hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) and lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) showed higher suppression in propagation index. Root extracts also showed antifungal effect in the herbs with suppression in shoots. Disease incidence and severity of Fusarium wilt were reduced in strawberry plants with the application of lemon balm extract. From these findings, some of the Lamiaceae herbs have high antifungal property against Fusarium wilt in strawberry.
Matsubara, Y., Liu, J. and Haque, S.I. (2017). Antifungal effect of Lamiaceae herbs on Fusarium wilt in strawberry. Acta Hortic. 1156, 715-720
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae, lemon balm, secondary metabolites, disease control