Moringa oleifera leaves for improving nutrition security and oxidative stress and reducing anemia
The rapid rise in food prices has been a burden on the poor in developing countries, including in India. The purchases of fruit and vegetables for household consumption are diminishing, leading to the onset of multifaceted diseases and debilities among the population, including anemia and inflammatory diseases. The underutilized drumstick leaves have strong antioxidant capacity attributable to their content of phenolic compounds. People suffering from iron-deficiency anemia show an increased oxidative stress leading to increased lipid peroxidation, combined with depletion of antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione peroxidase, exacerbating the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The present study highlights the results of the antioxidant capacity of drumstick leaves (DL) and the impact of pilot clinical trials on the hematological indices. Our trials with DL supplementation on anemic girls revealed a positive shift of anemic girls to the non-anemic category. These can be attributed to the phytochemical content of drumstick leaves, which are also easily available and can be a solution for hidden hunger.
Nambiar, V.S. (2017). Moringa oleifera leaves for improving nutrition security and oxidative stress and reducing anemia. Acta Hortic. 1158, 331-340
Moringa oleifera, oxidative stress, anemia, normocytic normochromic cells