The potential of moringa in climate change, sustainable livelihood and food security - a review
Moringa oleifera Lam. is a multipurpose plant that is being promoted as a sustainable source of bioactive phytochemicals and nutrients to reduce human and animal malnutrition. The plant offers new opportunities to small scale farmers, contributes to the production of raw materials for industries and can serve as nutritious food. The aim of this review is to stress this new development and to advocate the need for stronger policies, research and market development strategies to develop this natural resource. The re-integration of Moringa oleifera into the human food chain and food systems should be both lateral within Africa and vertical as product development, coupled with market development efforts, to facilitate the entry of moringa products into both the developed countries and emerging economy markets. All of this should be carried out in a way that serves the fundamental interests of all stakeholders, with the most important consideration given to the vulnerable, poor, rural communities wherein primary production occurs. A dynamic new suite of bio-products can be produced from agro-forestry systems that will at the same time contribute to the restoration of badly degraded ecosystems and agricultural site productivity. Identifying innovative policy approaches and interventions to the commercialization of Moringa oleifera products may enhance the endorsement of moringa as sustainable source of income for rural households and will contribute to better natural resources management. This should be done with special focus on smallholder growers to enhance sustainable agricultural systems.
Amaglo, N.K., Deng, J. and Foidl, N. (2017). The potential of moringa in climate change, sustainable livelihood and food security - a review. Acta Hortic. 1158, 455-466
Moringa oleifera, climate change, agri-chain, sustainable livelihood