Evaluation of a new training system, the cherry fruiting wall, compared to single axis and vase on cherry 'Folfer(Cov)'

S. Pinczon du Sel, E. Filleron, V. Ayme-Sévenier
In France, sweet cherry is generally trained in the now well-known vase training system. Growers know how to form and to prune trees in this system in order to have a good balance between yield and size of fruit. But in order to reduce production costs and to protect cherry fruit, other training systems that could be pruned mechanically and that allow installation of covers to protect against damage from rain or insects are being studied. A trial was planted in 2005 in order to compare agronomic and economic performances of three training systems using the scion cultivar 'Folfer(cov)': vase, single axis, and fruiting wall. Two rootstocks, Maxma® 14 and Tabel® Edabriz, were studied for the vase and fruiting wall systems, but only Tabel® Edabriz was used for the single axis. The cost to install the fruiting wall and single-axe systems is higher than the vase. However, the fruiting wall with Tabel® Edabriz exhibits greater precocity than the other training system/rootstock combinations. Fruiting wall with Tabel® Edabriz produces greater yields ha-1 with equal fruit quality. By contrast, sweet cherry on Maxma® 14 trained to the fruiting wall enters production later, and with lower yields than all other training system/rootstock combinations in this trial, such that after 8 years the cost of the plantation establishment had not yet been compensated with the production. Research findings regarding training system/rootstock combinations, yield, and fruit quality should be confirmed. Further, the question of long term performance must be studied.
Pinczon du Sel, S., Filleron, E. and Ayme-Sévenier, V. (2017). Evaluation of a new training system, the cherry fruiting wall, compared to single axis and vase on cherry 'Folfer(Cov)'. Acta Hortic. 1161, 153-158
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1161.26
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1161.26
sweet cherry, training system, fruiting wall, single-axe, vase
English

Acta Horticulturae