Preliminary results of the evaluation of seven sweet cherry cultivars of Ukrainian origin for cultivation in central Poland

A. Głowacka, E. Rozpara
The aim of the study was to assess the suitability of seven new sweet cherry cultivars of Ukrainian origin for cultivation in central Poland. The experiment was set up in the Experimental Orchard in Dąbrowice in the spring of 2008. Seven sweet cherry cultivars of Ukrainian origin: 'Dillemma', 'Bajka', 'Elektra', 'Prestizna', 'Talizman', 'Letniskowa' and 'Anons' were evaluated. The cultivar 'Vanda', very popular in Poland, served as the control. Trees grafted on Gisela 5 were planted at a spacing of 4×2 m. The trees of all cultivars were winter hardy enough, but those of 'Letniskowa' were susceptible to bacterial canker (Pseudomonas syringae). After 6 years of evaluation, the trunk cross-sectional area of all the cultivars evaluated was significantly smaller than that of the control trees, and the four-year cumulative yields were smaller. Among the cultivars of Ukrainian origin, 'Prestizna' gave the highest yields, and 'Talizman' the lowest. 'Talizman' produced the largest fruits, but they were very susceptible to cracking during rainy years. 'Dillemma' had the earliest ripening fruits, whereas 'Anons' had the latest. Among the 7 new cultivars, 'Bajka' and 'Prestizna' were the two most promising for cultivation in central Poland, although they were less productive than 'Vanda'.
Głowacka, A. and Rozpara, E. (2017). Preliminary results of the evaluation of seven sweet cherry cultivars of Ukrainian origin for cultivation in central Poland. Acta Hortic. 1161, 245-248
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1161.39
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1161.39
tree growth, winter hardy, yield, fruit quality, Pseudomonas, cracking
English

Acta Horticulturae