Growth and yield characteristics of some juicing sour cherry cultivars selected in Poland
Five new juicing cultivars of sour cherry were assessed in terms of their usefulness for cultivation in Polish climatic conditions. The assessment was carried out in the Experimental Orchard in Dąbrowice near Skierniewice from 2004-2010. The cultivars had been selected from a sour cherry field collection of more than 170 different genotypes. The experimental material included trees of the cultivars: 'Wisok' (W4/02), 'Wiblek' (W5/02), 'Wigor' (W6/02), 'Winer' (W11/02) and 'Skierka' (W13/02), which were compared with two control cultivars: 'English Morello' and 'Ujfehertoi Furtos'. The trees of the juicing cherry cultivars under assessment grew significantly more vigorously than the trees of the control cultivar 'English Morello'. Trees of 'Skierka' had the largest trunk cross-sectional. Cumulative yields of the evaluated cultivars were significantly lower than the yields of 'English Morello'. Only 'Winer' yielded better than the other control cultivar - 'Ujfehertoi Furtos'. 'Winer' was found to be the most valuable among the sour cherry cultivars evaluated. Even though the trees of this cultivar do not yield as well as those of 'English Morello', they have better health status and produce larger fruits that taste distinctly better. 'Winer' sour cherries can thus be used for direct consumption and for processing.
Głowacka, A. and Rozpara, E. (2017). Growth and yield characteristics of some juicing sour cherry cultivars selected in Poland. Acta Hortic. 1161, 299-302
Prunus cerasus, cultivar, tree growth, productivity, fruit quality