Evaluation of some selected pear landraces derived from the Carpathian Basin

J. Varga, J. Iváncsics, G. Kollányi, A. Almássy, D. Ferenc
In the Carpathian Basin there are numerous pear landraces which can be used as a starting material for breeding. Our research team has started recording data in the gene bank of Fertőd, Hungary, as well as at the experimental station of the University of West Hungary. On one hand, the main purpose of this research was to observe factors which influence pruning (tree shape, branch pattern, formation of fertile parts). On the other hand, our aim was also to collect phenological data and to examine quality and quantity parameters of the fruits. The recent study reports data about four landraces ('Zöld Magdolna', 'Mosoly körte', 'Mézes körte' and on 'Fehérvári körte'). The results obtained are compared to the cultivar 'Vilmos' (syn: 'Williams') as a control. The landraces show outstanding values in the following characteristics: dry matter content in 'Zöld Magdolna' (17.54%), fructose content in 'Mosoly körte' (9.6%), total acidity in 'Mézes körte' (0.328%) and vitamin C content in 'Fehérvári körte' (8.34%). Conclusions of the evaluation of vegetative characteristics were that all four landraces possess a sustainable growth habit and an easy-to-shape canopy.
Varga, J., Iváncsics, J., Kollányi, G., Almássy, A. and Ferenc, D. (2017). Evaluation of some selected pear landraces derived from the Carpathian Basin. Acta Hortic. 1172, 263-266
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1172.50
fruit quality, Pyrus, pear processing

Acta Horticulturae