Effect of fruit treatment with 1-methylcyclopropene and Agro-Mos® and storage conditions on postharvest quality of 'Kyoto' persimmon

A. dos Santos, A. Miqueloto, C.V.T. do Amarante, C.A. Steffens, T. Miqueloto, H. Tanaka, A. Brackmann
This work was carried out to evaluate postharvest quality preservation of 'Kyoto' persimmon treated with 1-methylcyclopropene (1‑MCP; 1 µL L-1) and a mannanoligosaccharide-based product (Agro-Mos®; 5 mL L-1) and left in cold storage (CS; 0.5±0.5°C/95±2% RH) and controlled atmosphere (CA; 2 kPa O2 + 0.5 kPa CO2 at 0.5±0.5°C/95±2% RH). The two fruit treatments (1‑MCP and Agro-Mos®) and two storage conditions (CS and CA) were combined, resulting in eight treatments: CS, CS + Agro-Mos®, CS + 1‑MCP, CS + 1‑MCP + Agro-Mos®, CA, CA + Agro-Mos®, CA + 1‑MCP and CA + 1‑MCP + Agro-Mos®. Fruit quality was analyzed after 60 days of storage, followed by 1 and 3 days of shelf life (20±2°C and 60±5% RH). Fruit treated with 1‑MCP kept a greener skin color (higher values of hue angle and lightness) under both storage conditions (CS and CA), after 1 day of shelf life, but not after 3 days of shelf life. 1‑MCP and CA storage were effective to preserve flesh firmness and texture of the fruits. CA conditions delayed skin browning after 1 day of shelf life. After 3 days of shelf life, there was no difference between CA and CS conditions for skin browning. Under CA, decay incidence was lower in fruit treated with 1‑MCP than with Agro-Mos®. The results show that treatment with 1‑MCP associated with CA storage preserves postharvest quality of 'Kyoto' persimmon.
dos Santos, A., Miqueloto, A., do Amarante, C.V.T., Steffens, C.A., Miqueloto, T., Tanaka, H. and Brackmann, A. (2017). Effect of fruit treatment with 1-methylcyclopropene and Agro-Mos® and storage conditions on postharvest quality of 'Kyoto' persimmon. Acta Hortic. 1179, 93-100
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1179.14
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1179.14
Diospyros kaki L., controlled atmosphere, skin color, flesh firmness, decay
English

Acta Horticulturae