Grouping marian plums harvested at different times by transmittance near-infrared spectroscopy
Marian plum (Bouea burmanica Griff.) 'Toon Klaow' is one of Thailand's favorite fruits. Marian plum's edible quality depends strongly on its harvest time. This study investigated a non-destructive technique for classifying marian plums according to their harvest time after the day that their blossom set. The non-destructive technique used was transmittance mode, short wavelength near-infrared (SW-NIR) spectroscopy in the wavelength range 660-960 nm. Marian plum samples (n=110) were harvested at 62, 65, 68 and 73 days after flowering. The soluble solids content (SSC) and titratable acid (TA) were determined accurately by standard methods. SW-NIR spectra of these samples were obtained and analyzed by principle component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). The following spectral pretreatments were applied, standard normal variate (SNV), smoothing (Savitsky-Golay), and first derivative, in order to obtain optimal grouping results. The PC1 and PC2 score plot of the PCA could not clearly separate some of the classified groups. For the results of PLS-DA, its cross-validated grouping accuracy was R=0.91 and RMSECV=1.28; hence, it can be concluded that SW-NIR spectroscopy has good potential for determining the harvest time of marian plums.
Teerachaichayut, S., Phonmakham, S. and Suktanarak, S. (2017). Grouping marian plums harvested at different times by transmittance near-infrared spectroscopy. Acta Hortic. 1179, 25-30
non-destructive, transmittance, spectra, wavelength, fruit