Urban landscaping in the malls of Kolkata
Urbanization is arguably the most dramatic form of highly irreversible land transformation. While urbanization is a worldwide phenomenon, it is exceptionally dynamic in India, where unprecedented urban growth rates have occurred over the last 30 years. Kolkata Metropolitan Area is an agglomeration of municipalities and non-municipal urban and rural areas with a little more than 15 million population in an area of about 1850 km2, developed on both sides of the river Hooghly (a tributary of the Ganges) in eastern India. The impact of globalisation and economic growth has resulted a real estate boom at the periphery with housing estate and new towns. With high rise apartment blocks, shopping malls, office and housing, new highways and flyovers are being built but the ecology is damaged and Kolkata already has a long laundry list of environmental problems. Now Kolkata is at a point of profound change like recycling of waste, preservation of historic building, riverfront development, revitalisation of canals, creating new urban space, etc. and there are new innovative projects. While South City symbolizes the changing perceptions of the way people have traditionally lived in India, the South City Mall has changed the retail landscape in the city and redefined benchmarks creating a shopping experience. The City Centre in Kolkata is a very special place. It is a microcosm of the whole metropolis, catering to multiple land-uses and diverse income profiles and a kaleidoscope of contrast, colour and energy. Shopping malls became to dot the landscape of the city since the beginning of 21st century. Currently, several shopping malls are constructed in the city and many more are currently under construction or proposed.
Patnaik, A. and Joshna, K. (2017). Urban landscaping in the malls of Kolkata. Acta Hortic. 1181, 29-32
urbanization, shopping mall, landscape