The mango disease trilogy
Diseases are among the most difficult constraints in mango production. They affect tree vigor, fruit set, yield and the pre- and post-harvest quality of fruit. Three diseases are notable due to the considerable influence they can have on production. Anthracnose is the most widely spread and challenging disease in humid production areas; it is a primary reason that export-quality fruit cannot be produced in these areas. Malformation is also widely spread, but it tends to be most severe in arid production areas. Its primary impact is on fruit set, which is dramatically reduced in affected panicles. The most destructive, but narrowly distributed, of these diseases are those caused by Ceratocystis spp. The latter problems are recognized only in Brazil (seca) and the Middle East (sudden decline), but could cause serious problems if they spread to other areas. This brief summary outlines the histories, impacts, etiologies and management of these important problems.
Ploetz, R. (2017). The mango disease trilogy. Acta Hortic. 1183, 221-228
Ceratocystis fimbriata species complex, Ceratocystis manginecans, Ceratocystis mangicola, Ceratocystis mangivora, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides species complex, Colletotrichum asianum, Fusarium mangiferae, Gibberella fujikuroi species complex