Insect pests affecting the production of mango in South Africa
The mango, Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae), is an important subtropical crop in South Africa. The most important production areas are in the Mpumalanga and Limpopo Provinces, and the most important cultivars are 'Tommy Atkins', 'Keitt' and 'Kent'. The production of mango in South Africa is subjected to various insect pests. The important pests on mango are fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae), the mango seed weevil, Sternochetus mangiferae (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae); the mango scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis (Newstead) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae); the citrus thrips, Scirtothrips aurantii Faure (Thysanoptera: Thripidae); the mango gall fly, Procontarinia matteiana Kieffer and Cecconi (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae); the African bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and the coconut bug, Pseudotheraptus wayi Brown (Hemiptera: Coreidae). Three Ceratitis species are known to attack mango, i.e., the Marula fruit fly, Ceratitis cosyra (Walker), the Natal fruit fly, Ceratitis rosa Karsch, and the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). The Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), was detected in South Africa for the first time in 2010. Various other minor pests are also present. Producers in South Africa are encouraged to do regular pest monitoring and to follow an integrated pest management strategy.
Grové, T. and De Beer, M.S. (2017). Insect pests affecting the production of mango in South Africa. Acta Hortic. 1183, 297-304
Mangifera indica, Ceratitis, Bactrocera dorsalis, Sternochetus mangifera, Aulacaspis tubercularis, Scirtothrips aurantii, Procontarinia matteiana